About Brain Injury and how it can affect you

Damage can occur both at the time of the initial injury or can develop later as a result of swelling or bleeding within the brain. The brain is made up of millions of microscopic cells. An acquired brain injury can cause the cells to malfunction or die.

There are three main areas in the brain:

  • the cortex
  • the cerebellum
  • brain stem


The Cortex

Most thinking functions are carried out in the cortex. There are four lobes each controlling specific functions and skills. The left lobe controls verbal functions, reading, writing and speaking. The right lobe controls spacial functions, memory, rhythm and drawing.

Because the frontal lobe is located at the front of the head, it is often damaged. Such damage can lead to personality changes and behavioural disorders.


The Cerebellum

This is at the base of the brain. Damage to this area can cause problems with co-ordination, balance and posture.


Brain Stem

This is the most critical part of the brain and connects the brain to the spinal cord. It controls all survival functions, e.g. breathing, consciousness and heart beat. When someone is described as brain stem dead, this suggests that the individual is no longer able to function at any level.


Contact our brain injury team

For more information or if you would like to discuss a potential brain injury claim, please don't hesitate to call us:

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